Woven vs. Welded Wire Mesh Products
The two most common types of wire mesh used in manufacturing include woven and welded. Woven wire mesh is more difficult to produce, as it requires a careful arrangement of the wires in an interlocking pattern and the use of a weaving loom ram to crimp them into place. This results in a higher quality — and somewhat more expensive — wire cloth product. Welded wire mesh products consist of a series of parallel wires that are welded together at the point of intersection. Welded wire offers added strength and versatility — it can easily be formed in various shapes via cutting or bending without causing the wires to separate. You can view all of our crimp and weave styles in our documents & specs section.
Other Considerations When Choosing Wire Cloth Products
In addition to the choice of woven or welded wire mesh, other factors to consider when choosing wire cloth products include:
- Mesh size: Mesh size indicates the diameter of the openings in the mesh, which affects its ability to screen the materials that pass through it. The mesh size can range from a few microns to several inches in diameter. See our Wire Diameter Tables here.
- Mesh count: The mesh count is the number of wires found within one linear inch. The higher the mesh count, the smaller the openings in the mesh will be.
- Weave type: If you choose woven wire cloth, you will need to determine the appropriate weave type, as this will also have an impact on filtering ability. The weave type is a function of the pattern of the warp (vertical) and weft (horizontal) wire. The warp and weave wires can feature the same or differing diameters, depending on the application.
If you’re not sure what some of these terms mean, refer to our convenient wire cloth definitions glossary for clarification.
When measuring wire cloth, it is important to understand the difference between “mesh” and “opening”:
Mesh: Mesh indicates the number of openings per lineal inch. To calculate mesh, measure from the center of a wire to a point 1” distant, and count the number of openings. The diagram below shows four openings in 1″, which indicates a 4 mesh wire. Mesh may also be expressed in inches. For example, a measurement of 1/4” from center to center is a 1/4” mesh.
Opening: The opening is the measurement of the clear open space between the parallel wires. When this measurement is used its called space cloth that is pre-crimped woven wire.